China's EAST nuclear reactor created an artificial sun at record breaking temperature which simultaneously brightened the future of sustainable energy production through nuclear fusion.
With so many scientific wonders in the world, there is yet another one for us to witness! Would you believe me if I tell you China says it has achieved a new world record after scientists who developed an ‘artificial sun’ ran the device at a record-high temperature for more than 100 seconds.
The Chinese, as always, came up with a mind-boggling innovation by inventing an Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) that generated a plasma temperature of 120 million degrees Celsius for 100 seconds, before cranking things up to 160 million degrees for a further 20 seconds. The device, which is based at the Hefei Institutes of Physical Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, broke the previous record of maintaining a plasma temperature of 100 million degrees Celsius for 100 seconds.
Although China isn’t the only country playing around with nuclear reactors in its pursuit for sustainable energy production through nuclear fusion, the EAST is one of a number of ‘artificial sun’ devices currently under construction as countries race to become the first to produce a reliable nuclear fusion reactor. The successful test sees China take another step towards being able to generate unlimited clean energy through nuclear fusion – a goal widely seen as the holy grail of sustainable energy – after first powering up the device six months ago.
However, China seems to be winning the race as by holding a peak temperature of 160 million degrees, the EAST device appears to now be capable of generating temperatures more than 10 times as hot as the surface of the sun, which burns at roughly 15 million degrees Celsius.
On a similar note, China’s state-run newspaper, Li Miao, director of the physics department of the Southern University of Science and Technology in Shenzhen, while speaking to The Global Times, said that:
The breakthrough is significant progress, and the ultimate goal should be keeping the temperature at a stable level for a long time.
In other words, he said that the next goal could see scientists attempt to run the device at a consistent temperature for as long as a whole week.
However, this test was a breakthrough in all aspects - this latest test run even smashes previous records set by the same device, and South Korea’s own artificial sun, the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR), which ran at 100 million degrees Celsius for 20 seconds last December.
The EAST owes its success to it being a part of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor – the largest global scientific cooperation effort since the development of the International Space Station three decades ago. China is not the only country that is a part of this game. According to the Global Times reports, the reactor is being developed by China, the EU, India, Japan, South Korea, Russia, and the US. China is funding roughly 9% of its research and development.
Scientists are hopeful that if the device continues to advance at its current rate, experts believe successful nuclear fusion could be achieved within the next 30 years. The International Atomic Energy Agency is currently working towards a goal of holding a plasma temperature of 100 million degrees for 300 seconds by 2025.
Article source: LAD bible